This region, with 56% of the world’s population (3.8 billion), contributes 44% of all cancer cases (6.4 million out of 14.1 million) and 51% of all cancer deaths (4.3 million out of 8.2 million) globally, with China representing the majority of the cancer burden. Incidence rates vary by almost fourfold, being highest in the Republic of Korea (307.8 per 100,000) and lowest in Bhutan (79.2 per 100,000), and mortality varies by threefold—from the highest in Mongolia (161 per 100,000) to the lowest in Maldives (53.7 per 100,000).
In this region, the cancer burden is dominated by China. The top three cancers in women are breast, lung, and cervical cancers, while the top three causes of cancer death in women are lung, breast, and stomach cancer. In men the top three cancers are lung, stomach, and liver cancers, which are also the top three causes of cancer death.